Heat Stroke vs. Stroke Infographic

Heat vs Stroke infographic

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Heat Stroke vs. Stroke What is it?

Heatstroke occurs when core body temperature rises to more than 104 1  A stroke occurs when a blood vessel to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. The disruption of blood and o oxygen to the brain causes brain cells to die.

Causes

  • Being outside in excessive heat
  • Some people may be at higher risk due to weight age medical history or medications they are taking (2)
  • 80 of Strokes are Preventable

Some risk factors that can be treated or controlled:

  • Heart Disease
  • High blood pressure
  •  Obesity
  •  Diabetes 
  • Poor diet
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  •  High Cholesterol

Risks that can not be changed

  • Age
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Family history and Medical history

 

Signs Muscle cramps or weakness Strong and rapid pulse Rapid, shallow breathing Nausea and/or vomiting Confusion and/or unconsciousness High body temperature A body temperature of 104° F or higher is the main sign. Headache Flushed/red skin Hot and dry skin 3 (if not exercising)

FAST

Face Drooping

Arm Weakness

Speech difficulty

Time to call 9 1 1 A

Additional signs of stroke include sudden trouble seeing, dizziness, confusion, severe headache, or weakness on one side of the body.

What to do While waiting for emergency care, try to cool the person by moving him/her to a shaded area and by using ice packs, cold wet towels and/or a fan. Call to 9 1 1 or your local emergency services number immediately Stroke patients who arrive at the hospital by ambulance have a greater chance of living through the stroke, and a greater chance of preserving independence and having a full recovery.

(1) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heatstroke/basics/definition/con-20032814 (2) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heatstroke/basics/risk-factors/con-20032814 (3) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heatstroke/basics/symptoms/con-20032814

StrokeAssociation.org American Stroke Association/American Stroke Association.org Together to End Stroke ™ nationally  sponsored by Medtronic