Cognition is the process of thinking and knowing things. Damage to the brain after a stroke can cause many cognitive changes. Doing things that once were easy may now be hard. Changes in cognition are very stressful. Cognitive challenges after stroke include dementia and memory problems, as well as many kinds of communication challenges. Learn more about cognitive changes after a stroke, treatment options, tips and strategies to handle these new challenges.


Difficulty expressing yourself when speaking, trouble understanding speech, and difficulty with reading and writing (aphasia) is a very common post-stroke condition. Get information on the various types of aphasia, treatments, and tips for living with aphasia.

More about Aphasia


Memory Loss

Memory loss is a common post-stroke symptom. Loss of nerve cells in the brain can cause confusion, normal thinking and/or remembering recent events. Learn more about types, treatment, and managing memory loss.

More about Memory Loss


Vascular Dementia

Problems with reasoning, planning judgment, memory or other thought processes known as vascular dementia can occur following a stroke. Get more information on this condition, treatments, and tips for living with vascular dementia.

More about Vascular Dementia